ᥘ  ᘏ The View from Castle Rock free download ᦩ ePUB By Alice Munro ᦶ ᥘ ᘏ The View from Castle Rock free download ᦩ ePUB By Alice Munro ᦶ No Advantages This parish possesses no advantages Upon the hills the soil is in many places mossy and fit for nothing The air in general is moist This is occasioned by the height of the hills which continually attract the clouds and the vapour that is continually exhaled from the mossy ground The nearest market town is fifteen miles away and the roads so deep as to be almost impassable The snow also at times is a great inconvenience, often for many months we can have no intercourse with mankind And a great disadvantage is the want of bridges so that the traveller is obstructed when the waters are swelled Barley oats and potatoes are the only crops raised Wheat rye turnips and cabbage are never attempted . There are ten proprietors of land in this parish none of them resides in it. Contribution by the Minister of Ettrick Parish, in the county of Selkirk, to the Statistical Account of Scotland, 1799 The Ettrick Valley lies about fifty miles due south of Edinburgh, and thirty or so miles north of the English border, which runs close to the wall Hadrian built to keep out the wild people from the north The Romans pushed farther, and built some sort of fortifications called Antonine s Wall between the Firth of Clyde and the Firth of Forth, but those did not last long The land between the two walls has been occupied for a long time by a mix of peopleCeltic people, some of whom came from Ireland and were actually called Scots, Anglo Saxons from the south, Norse from across the North Sea, and possibly some leftover Picts as well.The high stony farm where my family lived for some time in the Ettrick Valley was called Far Hope The word hope, as used in the local geography, is an old word, a Norse word Norse, Anglo Saxon, and Gaelic words being all mixed up together in that part of the country, as you would expect, with some old Brythonic thrown in to indicate an early Welsh presence Hope means a bay, not a bay filled with water but with land, partly enclosed by hills, which in this case are the high bare hills, the near mountains of the Southern Uplands The Black Knowe, Bodesbeck Law, Ettrick Penthere you have the three big hills, with the word hill in three languages Some of these hills are now being reforested, with plantations of Sitka spruce, but in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries they would have been bare, or mostly barethe great Forest of Ettrick, the hunting grounds of the Kings of Scotland, having been cut down and turned into pasture or waste heath a century or two before.The height of land above Far Hope, which stands right at the end of the valley, is the spine of Scotland, marking the division of the waters that flow to the west into the Solway Firth and the Atlantic Ocean, from those that flow east into the North Sea Within ten miles to the north is the country s most famous waterfall, the Grey Mare s Tail Five miles from Moffat, which would be the market town to those living at the valley head, is the Devil s Beef Tub, a great cleft in the hills believed to be the hiding place for stolen cattleEnglish cattle, that is, taken by the reivers in the lawless sixteenth century In the lower Ettrick Valley was Aikwood, the home of Michael Scott, the philosopher and wizard of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, who appears in Dante s Inferno And if that were not enough, William Wallace, the guerrilla hero of the Scots, is said to have hidden out here from the English, and there is a story of Merlin Merlinbeing hunted down and murdered, in the old forest, by Ettrick shepherds As far as I know, my ancestors, generation after generation, were Ettrick shepherds It may sound odd to have shepherds employed in a forest, but it seems that hunting forests were in many places open glades Nevertheless the valley disappointed me the first time I saw it Places are apt to do that when you ve set them up in your imagination The time of year was very early spring, and the hills were brown, or a kind of lilac brown, reminding me of the hills around Calgary Ettrick Water was running fast and clear, but it was hardly as wide as the Maitland River, which flows past the farm where I grew up, in Ontario The circles of stones which I had at first taken to be interesting remnants of Celtic worship were too numerous and well kept up to be anything but handy sheep pens.I was travelling by myself, and I had come from Selkirk on the twice a week Shoppers Bus, which took me no farther than Ettrick Bridge There I wandered around, waiting for the postman I d been told that he would take me up the valley The chief thing to be seen in Ettrick Bridge was a sign on a closed shop, advertising Silk Cut I couldn t figure out what that might be It turned out to be a well known brand of cigarette.After a while the postman came along and I rode with him to Ettrick Church By that time it had begun to rain, hard The church was locked It disappointed me, too Having been built in 1824, it did not compare, in historic appearance, or grim character, to the churches I had already seen in Scotland I felt conspicuous, out of place, and cold I huddled by the wall till the rain let up for a bit, and then I explored the churchyard, with the long wet grass soaking my legs.There I found, first, the gravestone of William Laidlaw, my direct ancestor, born at the end of the seventeenth century, and known as Will O Phaup This was a man who took on, at least locally, something of the radiance of myth, and he managed that at the very last time in historythat is, in the history of the people of the British Isleswhen a man could do so The same stone bears the names of his daughter Margaret Laidlaw Hogg, who upbraided Sir Walter Scott, and of Robert Hogg, her husband, the tenant of Ettrickhall Then right next to it I saw the stone of the writer James Hogg, who was their son and Will O Phaup s grandson He was known as The Ettrick Shepherd And not far from that was the stone of the Reverend Thomas Boston, at one time famous throughout Scotland for his books and preaching, though fame never took him to any important ministry.Also, among various Laidlaws, a stone bearing the name of Robert Laidlaw, who died at Hopehouse January 29th 1800 aged seventy two years Son of Will, brother of Margaret, uncle of James, who probably never knew that he would be remembered by his link to these others, any than he would know the date of his own death.My great great great great grandfather.As I was reading these inscriptions the rain came on again, lightly, and I thought I had better start to walk back to Tushielaw, where I was to catch the school bus for my return ride to Selkirk I couldn t loiter, because the bus might be early, and the rain might get heavier.I was struck with a feeling familiar, I suppose, to many people whose long history goes back to a country far away from the place where they grew up I was a naive North American, in spite of my stored knowledge Past and present lumped together here made a reality that was commonplace and yet disturbing beyond anything I had imagined.MEN OF ETTRICK Will O PhaupHere lyeth William Laidlaw, the far famed Will o Phaup, who for feats of frolic, agility and strength, had no equal in his day .Epitaph composed by his grandson, James Hogg, on Will O Phaup s tombstone in Ettrick Kirkyard His name was William Laidlaw, but his story name was Will O Phaup, Phaup being simply the local version of Far Hope, the name of the farm he took over at the head of Ettrick Valley It seems that Far Hope had been abandoned for years when Will came to inhabit it The house, that is, had been abandoned, because it was situated so high up at the end of the remote valley, and got the worst of the periodic winter storms and the renowned snowfall The house of Potburn, the next one to it, lower down, was until recently said to be the highest inhabited house in all of Scotland It now stands deserted, apart from the sparrows and finches busy around its outbuildings.The land itself would not have belonged to Will, it would not even have been leased to himhe would have rented the house or got it as part of his shepherd s wages It was never worldly prosperity that he was after.Only Glory He was not native to the valley, though there were Laidlaws there, and had been since the first records were kept The earliest man of that name I have come across is in the court records of the thirteenth century, and he was up on charges of murdering another Laidlaw No prisons in those days Just dungeons, mainly for the upper class, or people of some political importance And summary executions but those happened mostly in times of large unrest, as during the border raids of the sixteenth century, when a marauder might be hanged at his own front door, or strung up in Selkirk Square, as were sixteen cattle thieves of the same nameElliotton a single day of punishment My man got off with a fine.Will was said to be one of the old Laidlaws of Craikabout whom I have not been able to discover anything at all, except that Craik is an almost disappeared village on a completely disappeared Roman road, in a nearby valley to the south of Ettrick He must have walked over the hills, a lad in his teens, looking for work He had been born in 1695, when Scotland was still a separate country, though it shared a monarch with England He would have been twelve years old at the time of the controversial Union, a young man by the time of the bitter failed Jacobite Rebellion of 1715, a man deep into middle age by the time of Culloden There is no telling what he thought of those events I have a feeling that his life was lived in a world still remote and self contained, still harboring its own mythology and local wonders And he was one of them.The first story told of Will is about his prowess as a runner His earliest job in the Ettrick Valley was as shepherd to a Mr Anderson, and this Mr Anderson had noted how Will ran straight down on a sheep and not roundabout when he wanted to catch it So he knew that Will was a fast runner, and when a champion English runner came into the valley Mr Anderson wagered Will against him for a large sum of money The English fellow scoffed, his backers scoffed, and Will won Mr Anderson collected a fine heap of coins and Will for his part got a gray cloth coat and a pair of hose.Fair enough, he said, for the coat and hose meant as much to him as all that money to a man like Mr Anderson.Here is a classic story I heard versions of itwith different names, different featswhen I was a child growing up in Huron County, in Ontario A stranger arrives full of fame, bragging of his abilities, and is beaten by the local champion, a simple hearted fellow who is not even interested in a reward.These elements recur in another early story, in which Will goes over the hills to the town of Moffat on some errand, unaware that it is fair day, and is cajoled into taking part in a public race He is not well dressed for the occasion and during the running his country breeches fall down He lets them fall, kicks his way out of them, and continues running in nothing but a shirt, and he wins There is a great fuss made of him and he gets invited to dinner in the public house with gentlemen and ladies By this time he must have had his pants on, but he blushes anyway, and will not accept, claiming to be mortified in front of such leddies.Maybe he was, but of course the leddies appreciation of such a well favored young athlete is the scandalous and enjoyable point of the story.Will marries, at some point, he marries a woman named Bessie Scott, and they begin to raise their family During this period the boy hero turns into a mortal man, though there are still feats of strength A certain spot in the Ettrick River becomes Will s Leap to commemorate a jump he made, to get help or medicine for someone who was sick No feat, however, brought him any money, and the pressures of earning a living for his family, combined with a convivial nature, seem to have turned him into a casual bootlegger His house is well situated to receive the liquor that is being smuggled over the hills from Moffat Surprisingly this is not whiskey, but French brandy, no doubt entering the country illegally by way of the Solway Firthas it will continue to do despite the efforts late in the century of Robert Burns, poet and exciseman Phaup becomes well known for occasions of carousing or at least of high sociability The hero s name still stands for honorable behavior, strength, and generosity, but no for sobriety.Bessie Scott dies fairly young, and it is probably after her death that the parties have begun The children will have been banished, most likely, to some outbuilding or the sleeping loft of the house There does not appear to have been any serious outlawry or loss of respectability The French brandy may be worth noting, though, in the light of the adventures that come upon Will in his maturity From the Hardcover edition.Masterful Munro really does know magic how to summon the spirits and the emotions that animate our lives The Washington Post Book WorldFascinating Munros powers are at their peak She continues to charge forward, shining a light on what is most fearsome and true Chicago TribuneExhilarating Munro s ability to travel into the minds and feelings of people long dead is uncanny The New York Times Book ReviewRevelatory A work of aching authenticity The Boston GlobePraise from fellow writers Her work felt revolutionary when I came to it, and it still does Jhumpa LahiriShe is one of the handful of writers, some living, most dead, whom I have in mind when I say that fiction is my religion Jonthan FranzenThe authority she brings to the page is just lovely.Elizabeth StroutShes the most savage writer Ive ever read, also the most tender, the most honest, the most perceptive.Jeffery EugenidesAlice Munro can move characters through time in a way that no other writer can.Julian BarnesShe is a short story writer whoreimagined what a story can do.Loorie MooreTheres probably no one alive whos better at the craft of the short story.Jim ShepardA true master of the form.Salman RushdieA wonderful writer.Joyce Carol Oates Watch The View TV Show ABC am pm EDT on ABC is the place to be heard with live broadcasts five days a week co hosted by Whoopi Goldberg whoopigoldberg , Joy Behar Sunny Hostin Meghan McCain Home from Shard Plan your visit Discover what awaits you at London s highest viewing gallery Joiner Street, SE QU A From My Seat Seating view photos sports and concert stadiums, arenas theaters around world Melting Moments Great Island Set oven F Blend together soft butter, sugar, cornstarch flour until everything well incorporated Cover plastic chill for least an hour Using small spoon or scoop, form heaps balls of dough set 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Alice Munro Books Runaway FREE shipping qualifying offers WINNER OF THE NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE acclaimed, bestselling collection also contains celebrated stories that inspired Pedro Almodvar Julieta book extraordinary about love its infinite betrayals surprises Alice Biografia nata Laidlaw nacque Wingham, Ontario, una famiglia di allevatori e agricoltoriNel grazie borsa studio biennale, intraprese gli studi Inglese presso la University Western inizi pubblicare i suoi primi racconti nella rivista letteraria studentesca Durante questo periodo lavor come cameriera, raccoglitrice tabacco Leben wuchs als ltestes von drei Geschwistern auf einer Silberfuchsfarm Wingham zwischen Toronto und Detroit im Sden der Provinz Ontario Als sie zehn Jahre alt war, erkrankte ihre Mutter seltenen Form Parkinson KrankheitZwischen studierte mit einem Stipendium Journalismus Wikipdia Munro, ne Ann le juillet Canada est une crivaine canadienne de langue anglaise Elle crit principalement des nouvelles, parfois lies entre elles et centres autour personnages fminins, dans l ou Colombie Britannique annes aujourd hui Favorite depuis plusieurs au prix Nobel littrature selon Biography, Works, Facts Britannica original name Laidlaw, born July Canadian short story writer gained international recognition exquisitely drawn narratives Swedish Academy dubbed master contemporary when it awarded List list written MunroIt includes were published single author collections books first ever published, Dimensions Shadow other having appeared elsewhere Read Short Stories Prize Winning Writer Calling story, year old Literature today It deserved, hard earned comes long after she announced retirement fiction collections, has Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage Hateship, McClelland Stewart In Bear Came over Mountain was adapted into film, Away Her, Sarah Polley produced Atom EgoyanFollowing release republished under title Her The View from Castle Rock

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