ഓ Beginning reader The Star Machine kindergarten ඈ Ebook By Jeanine Basinger ඩ ഓ Beginning reader The Star Machine kindergarten ඈ Ebook By Jeanine Basinger ඩ Part One Stars and the Factory SystemIts a crackpot business that sets out to manufacture a product it cant even define, but that was old Hollywood Thousands of people in the movie business made a Wizard of Oz living, working hidden levers to present an awe inspiring display on theatre screens Movie Stars Hollywood made em and sold em daily, gamely producing a product for which its creators had no concrete explanation Sometimes they made films that told the story of their own star making business, and even then they couldnt say what exactly a movie star was They just trusted that the audience wouldnt need an explanation because it would believe what it was seeingstar presencecould verify its own existence Shes got that little something extra, muses James Mason in 1954s A Star Is Born, quoting actress Ellen Terry for credibility Since hes talking about Judy Garland as he watches her sing The Man That Got Away, the point is made She has something cries out Lowell Sherman when he spies waitress Constance Bennett in the earlier version of the story, What Price Hollywood Hollywood just told people that he or she or it lets not forget Rin Tin Tin and Trigger had that little something extra and let it go at that As a definition, it wasnt much, but it was all anyone neededand theres no arguing with it The truth is that nobodyeither then or nowcan define what a movie star is except by specific example, 1 but the workaday world of moviemaking never gave up trying to figure it out As soon as the business realized that moviegoers wanted to see stars, they grappled with trying to find a useful definition for the phenomenon of movie stardom, which is really not like any other kind Marlon Brando called all their attempts a lot of frozen monkey vomit Adding up the monkeys offerings, its clear that over the years, Hollywood collected a sensible list of informed observations A star has exceptional looks Outstanding talent A distinctive voice that can easily be recognized and imitated A set of mannerisms Palpable sexual appeal Energy that comes down off the screen Glamour Androgyny Glowing health and radiance Panache A single tiny flaw that mars their perfection, endearing them to ordinary people Charm The good luck to be in the right place at the right time also known as just plain good luck An emblematic quality that audiences believe is who they really are The ability to make viewers know what they are thinking whenever the camera comes up close An established type by which is meant that they could believably play the same role over and over again A level of comfort in front of the camera And, of course, she has something, the bottom line of which is its something you cant define Theres also the highly self confident version of something you cant define that is a variation of Justice Potter Stuarts famous remark about pornography I know it when I see it.The last one makes sense Seeing it is, in fact, the only reliable definition of stardom The problem for the business was that audience members didnt all agree on what they saw Some said that Greer Garson was a talented actress of ladylike grace and charm, but Pauline Kael called her one of the most richly syllabled queenly horrors of Hollywood For their legions of fans who still endure , Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald were the believable epitome of musical romance, but for Nol Coward they were an affair between a mad rocking horse and a rawhide suitcase 2 Hollywood followed majority opinion, promoting the stars for which there was the most consistent audience agreement, while they worked hard to figure out the mystery of why one person Clark Gable could be loved by fans and someone who looked just like him John Carroll could not It was Topic A in Hollywood, and studio bosses didnt discuss it only in isolated boardrooms They read stars mail, quizzed fan clubs, and enlisted the help of movie magazines to create questionnaires about who the public liked and why Answers from fans almost always boiled down to one thing a popular movie star was perceived to have a tangible physical presence Hes so real I almost feel I can reach out and touch him Gable Shes adorable, very warm and real Janet Gaynor When shes on screen, you cant look at anyone else, and you feel youre right up there with her Garbo I think hes just like someone I could know right here in Ohio, and if I needed anything hed step down and get it for me Van Johnson In other words, its what Elvis Presleys character in Jailhouse Rock 1957 tells his co star after he unexpectedly kisses her She sputters about his cheap tactics, but he nails down the reason shell accept him That aint tactics, honey Thats just the beast in me Orson Welles told Peter Bogdanovich that this beast was best represented by Jimmy Cagney, who passed the real test of the term star quality because he could displace air be a screen filler.Fans confirmed their desire for this tangible presence, telling moviemakers what they responded to in movie stars really was something that seemed physical Great movie stars were alive inside the frame It was their home, their owned space They were utterly at ease up there and, sadly enough, often nowhere else When Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby, two consummate stars, sing Did Ya Evah in High Society 1956 , they prove the point Did Ya Evah was a tough assignment Sinatra and Crosby had to sing, dance, hit their camera marks, respect the sophisticated Cole Porter lyrics, deliver scripted dialogue, stay within their characters, pretend to be slightly drunk, keep the beat of the orchestra playback, move around a specially designed library set with limited space while following a specific choreography that had to look improvised, and never forget that they were rivals for the audiences affection, Frankie and Bing They have to watch out for each other in ways than one Each was keenly aware of the others star power Did you hear about poor Blanche She got caught in an avalanche, sings Sinatra, carefully enunciating Porters words Game girl, mutters Crosby, riffing on the lyrics She got up and finished fourth Sinatra responds with his own ad lib I think Ill dance As he wobbles by, Crosby cautions, Well, dont hurt yourself These men are what stars are, doing what stars do They seem as if theyre making it up right in front of you Looking at them performing Did Ya Evah is a lesson in star definition two hardworking professionals are executing a complicated musical assignment in order to look like two amateurs whore reeling through an accidental musical romp Fifty years later, after theyre both dead and gone, they are still alive inside the frame still making it appear that its happening right in front of you, in the moment The illusion of stardom is always the illusion of ease.In the golden era of Hollywood, filmmakers knew that stardom required personalities like Crosby and Sinatra Finding such stars was what the studios did But how did they do it Was there a formula No But there was a process The hard part was that the process cost a great deal of money, and it was fraught with potential disasters No matter what they did, no matter how smart they were about it, it could go wrong, because no one knew for sure what they were doing.Moviemakers asked themselves many questions to define stardom Was it luck, an accident of fate When Alice Faye got appendicitis and had to be quickly replaced in Down Argentine Way 1940 , her desperate studio 20th CenturyFox stuck a cute blonde whod been around town for nearly a decade into her part Betty Grable Given a chance by an appendix, Grable succeeded and became even famous than Faye, lasting for an unprecedented decade at the top of popularity polls All her life, Grable said her stardom happened because I was just lucky The business asked itself, Was it only luck Or did it require some special role that fit perfectly to what the actor could do When five time Olympic gold medal swimmer Johnny Weissmuller was cast as Tarzan, the role gave him a lifetime of fame Since he was no actor by his own frank admission , a movie with little dialogue and a lot of swimming fit him perfectly No Tarzan, no Johnny Maybe actors became big stars because they seemed to incorporate their own opposites Shirley Temple, that adorable little tot, was also a bossy brat who faked her way forward If you met a kid like that in real life, youd want to smack her Robert Walker seemed shy and innocent, but Hitchcock brought forward some disturbed quality that made him perfect as the evil Bruno in Strangers on a Train 1951 Barbara Stanwyck was tough but vulnerable Tyrone Power was masculine yet feminine Carole Lombard seemed like a fun pal, but she was the ultimate in sophisticated glamour Maybe it was that a star had to find the perfect on screen mate to supply some other half As Katharine Hepburn famously said about Astaire and Rogers, He gives her class and she gives him sex Was it some perfect co starring that made magic and solidified the career Would Flynn have made it without de Havilland Eddy without MacDonald Walter Pidgeon without Greer Garson What could Abbott have been without Costello Without Dorothy Lamour, the Hope Crosby Road pictures wouldnt have worked as well On screen, Hope and Crosby were essentially disrespectful They mocked the plot, the characters, the audience, and themselves in equal measure They thumbed their noses at the filmmaking process itself, breaking the fourth wall and making self referential and topical gags, but Lamour was always present to ground them They called her Momma She was beautiful, of course, and her songs broke their tension, but she dealt with Hope and Crosby calmly, in an unflappable manner She was a gorgeous 1940s Margaret Dumont to leaven their Marxian antics, a center of cheerful gravitas 3 Maybe stardom wasnt about co stars or other actors at all Maybe it was a directors keen eye that saw possibilities in an actor that no one else sawas Josef von Sternberg claimed for his star making skill with Marlene Dietrich William Holden said that without director Billy Wilder to shape his acting career, I would have been Henry Aldrich Maybe lighting could make a woman a star Claudette Colbert , or a costume Joan Crawfords famous Letty Lynton tea dress and, later on, her shoulder pads and ankle strapped shoes , a memorable song Rita Hayworths Put the Blame on Mame , or an appearance in the movie version of a legendary best seller Vivien Leigh in Gone with the Wind, 1939 Or maybe stardom was linked to some totally unpredictable minor little personal trait Was it Elviss hips or Harlows platinum hair Did Joan Bennetts dye job from blond to brunette change her from just another pretty girl into a seductive movie queen Gary Cooper was a great kisser He always did it right, bending his co star back, holding on, and kissing the devil out of her 4 He was a great looking guy with lots of talent, but was it kissing that put him over With Gable, was it all in the mustache In the end, the business forgot about questions and answers, and just kept its options open, realizing there would always be an unknown, abstract, and unpredictable part to the star making process They would always be reconciling opposing elements and taking big chances, treading a fine line between objective business plans and subjective audience response.A star was born, not made, writes W Robert LaVine in In a Glamorous Fashion The Fabulous Years of Hollywood Costume Design He was right, but also wrong You dont manufacture stars, said Joan Crawford who was in a position to know You manufacture toys She was wrong, but also right Studio mogulsmen such as Louis B Mayer, Harry Cohn, Jack Warner, Darryl Zanuck, Sam Goldwyn et al.understood this contradiction and faced up to it daily They succeeded because they accepted that there was no need to define stardomanything that worked was all the definition theyd need Shes got something would do just fine Since they were in business, they knew theyd need to control as many things about creating movie stars as possible, but theyd gamble on the rest The intelligence of the Hollywood businessmen who came to this conclusionand their astounding nerveis seldom acknowledged.And so Hollywood, with its factory like studio system, cheerfully made a living manufacturing a product it couldnt define, confident that someone out there the little people would do it for themand pay them for the privilege They busied themselves looking for a Judy Garland to put up on the screen so the audience could find her and say Shes got that little something you cant define but we can recognize when we see it because its that little something extra They would look for actors and actresses who could project the mysterious x factor of stardom It was a crackpot idea, all right, but against all odds, they made it work because whatever it was, the x factor was viewable.In fact, there are examples of the x factor popping off the screen all over film history Its the infrared in the dark of the movie house 5 Bette Davis, even in her fake blonde days, outshines everyone around her in forgotten movies like So Big 1932 , Housewife 1934 , and Ex Lady 1933 Jimmy Cagneys animal magnetism wipes everyone out of the frame even in small parts in Doorway to Hell 1930 and Other Mens Women 1931 A young Esther Williams jumps out in an MGM wartime short entitled Inflation, which she made after her initial screen test and just before her first feature assignment Shes a beginner with no acting experiencea swimmer, for heavens sake paired with a terrific actor, Edward Arnold Arnold plays the devil, tempting Williams to break the rules of rationing and buy herself a fur coat He gets totally lost when Williams confidently struts around in the coat, flashing her x factor Pressed to explain why such an inexperienced swimming champion could be turned into a big box office movie star, Arthur Freed searched hard for reasons Finally he came up with Shes cheerful 6 NOTES 1 Actor Frederic March didn t much like Joan Crawford, but asked to define stardom, he mentioned her name and said She was a star 2 In talking about movie stardom, it s important not to confuse the old studio system in the Hollywood of the 1930s and 1940s with the one that exists today Star history has to be divided into then and now because the importance of stardom has diminished over time The stars of silent film and of the great studio system were gods and goddesses The public revered them, but they had to earn their stardom Today anybody s a star who can get his or her name in front of thet credits by negotiating for it The next door neighbor in a sitcom is a star The term is the bottom rung of show business, and to compensate for its devaluation, there is a tarted up power system of star levelsan upping of wattage Above star is superstar and above superstar is megastar By this standard, Bogart and Davis and Cooper and Cagney are gigastars As Baryshnikov said about Fred Astaire, He s dancing The rest of us are doing something else 3 Lamour s sense of humor can be seen in On Our Merry Way 1948 , in which, playing a movie star who does jungle movies i.e., herself in a spoof of herself , she sings the unforgettable I m the Queen of the Hollywood Isles Lamour was on top of things She understood how the business worked and was known as the girl who never made an enemy Today her sarong is in the Smithsonian 4 One of his leading ladies, Laraine Day The Story of Dr Wassell, 1944 , said, Gary kisses the way Charles Boyer looks like he kissesWell It was like holding a hand grenade and not being able to get rid of it I was left breathless 5 The observable glow of potential stardom was present from the very beginning of film history Clara Bow pops off the screen in her earliest films such as Down to the Sea in Ships in 1922 She s vivid, alivea breath of fresh air that is the very definition of screen presence In his first silent film, The Winning of Barbara Worth 1926 , Gary Cooper shoved even star Ronald Colman aside Audiences responded to his presence and Variety confirmed his charisma, saying he was a youth who will be heard of on the screen 6 William s good cheer was so tangible that MGM felt comfortable referring to it as a joke Who s the picture of health sneers Carooll Baker in Easy to Love 1953 , when she first spots her fival, Williams From the Hardcover edition.Startling An enormous new book of star lore Basinger nestles with almost delicious comfort into the intimate procedures of star manufacture The New YorkerLuxurious, often delicious Ms Basinger tells her story with her customary verve and sass she s the Rosalind Russell of film historians The New York ObserverEntertaining and informative Basinger , whose enthusiasm for movies is reflected on every page, has a deft way of encapsulating the kernel of an actor s attraction Chicago Sun Times Engaging Smart, deeply researched but also chatty and fast flowing Basinger s study of the studios relentless spin control makes an instructive prism through which to view long skeins of Hollywood film history Los Angeles Times The Star Machine Celebrities Latest Styles and Gossips If you do not want to wash such things by hand, then will find that a lingerie bag can help out Such is made take care of those items cannot spend time in the washing machine all on their own When purchase bag, make good investment have something going get your delicates clean The Jeanine She anatomizes careers, showing how fame happened, what happened them as result Deeply engrossing, full energy, wit, wisdom, destined become an classic film canon Basinger Book Review Dec , star system romantic easier grasp than comparatively bland, faceless studio system, with its factory practices, bottom line imperatives ruthless genius In her trenchantly observed conclusion, she explains has why studios practice making stars no longer relevant invaluable part Jeanine AUX s title promises dishy inside look at dirty machinery era, voyeuristic expos rough tumble art transforming mere mortals clumsy names, podunk hometowns, messy personal lives into glistening idols crafted histories, screen names pop off marquees, private scrubbed scandal sin Bob Mould YouTube Jan Official music video for Bob from album Silver Age, now Merge Records Written Directed Jon Glaser Star Off Website Musical Force storm forthcoming lay waste LA Music scene vein musical dynamics creative artistry, Machine, akin Compatriots, Heaven Below or Adler, create meaning message, drunken brawl recorded CD STAR specializes crankcase vacuum technology motorsports industry Using sound engineering principals combined concepts modern manufacturing techniques, dedicated providing only finest quality pumps components Doomsday Trek Original Series sixth episode 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