⫷ Free Format Kindle Download  ✓ What We Won: America's Secret War in Afghanistan, 1979-89  ❃ Ebook Author Bruce Riedel ⇹ ⫷ Free Format Kindle Download ✓ What We Won: America's Secret War in Afghanistan, 1979-89 ❃ Ebook Author Bruce Riedel ⇹ In February 1989, the CIA s chief in Islamabad famously cabled headquarters a simple message We Won It was an understated coda to the most successful covert intelligence operation in American history In What We Won, CIA and National Security Council veteran Bruce Riedel tells the story of America s secret war in Afghanistan and the defeat of the Soviet 40th Red Army in the war that proved to be the final battle of the cold war He seeks to answer one simple question why did this intelligence operation succeed so brilliantly Riedel has the vantage point few others can offer He was ensconced in the CIA s Operations Center when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan on Christmas Eve 1979 The invasion took the intelligence community by surprise But the response, initiated by Jimmy Carter and accelerated by Ronald Reagan, was a masterful intelligence enterprise Many books have been written about intelligence failures from Pearl Harbor to 9 11 Much less has been written about how and why intelligence operations succeed The answer is complex It involves both the weaknesses and mistakes of America s enemies, as well as good judgment and strengths of the United States Riedel introduces and explores the complex personalities pitted in the war the Afghan communists, the Russians, the Afghan mujahedin, the Saudis, and the Pakistanis And then there are the Americans in this war, no Americans fought on the battlefield The CIA did not send officers into Afghanistan to fight or even to train In 1989, victory for the American side of the cold war seemed complete Now we can see that a new era was also beginning in the Afghan war in the 1980s, the era of the global jihad This book examines the lessons we can learn from this intelligence operation for the future and makes some observations on what came next in Afghanistan and what is likely yet to come.Bruce Riedel is senior fellow and director of the Brookings Intelligence Project Riedel joined Brookings following a 30 year career at the Central Intelligence Agency He served as a senior adviser to the last four U.S presidents on South Asia and the Middle East, working as a senior member of the National Security Council In 2009 President Obama made him chairman of a strategic review of American policy in Afghanistan and Pakistan Riedel has also been an adviser to the British government on its policy toward Afghanistan and Pakistan.Introduction1 The Afghan Communists2 The Main Enemy Russians3 The Afghan Mujahedin4 The Pakistanis Zia s War5 The Saudis Financiers and Volunteers6 Jimmy Carter s War7 Reagan and Casey8 Endgames without End9 Lessons of the Secret War Browns assistant Bob Wylie We won two World Wars without Aug , Browns coach stretching went on an epic rant Hard Knocks 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